Local yaku

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Local Yakus 「ローカル役」 are the yaku not used in the standard ruleset of Japanese mahjong. Some of them used to be in general ruleset, they are also known as Ancient Yakus 「古役(こやく)」. The list is extensive. This page will only record some of them, which will remain incomplete.

One-han yakus

Tsubame gaeshi

Tsubame gaeshi 「燕返し」 (lit. Swallow Reversal / Return) is a yaku for claiming a winning hand on opponent's riichi declaration tile.

  • Value: 1 han
  • Example:
    • Opponent: Tile-1m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-0m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.png, Discarded Tile-6m.png and claimed riichi
    • Self: Tile-5m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.png, Ron: Tile-6m.png [replay 1]
  • Trivia:
    • Tsubame Gaeshi is a famous technique of the legendary Japanese swordsman, Kojirou Sasaki.
    • Sometimes Tsubame gaeshi also refers to a cheating techinique of mahjong, which is not related to the yaku. In this case, it means to swap tiles quickly between the wall in front of the player and his starting hand right after finishing haipai.

Shiiaru raotai

Shiiaru raotai 「十二落抬」 (lit. Twelve tiles falling down) is a hand with 4 melded sets waiting for a single tile (tanki). Also known as Suufuuro tanki「四副露単騎」 (lit. Four-melded single-wait).

Usually restricted to ron-only, but sometimes tsumo is also allowed under some specific rulesets.

Depending on rulesets, variation exists between allowing ankan or not.

Kanburi

Kanburi / Kanfuri 「槓振り」 is a yaku for claiming a winning hand on opponent's discarding tile right after they claimed a kan.

The winning tile is not required to be the tile exactly drawn from rinshan; that being said, as long as an opponent does a kan and discards a deal-in tile immediately, the yaku is automatically achieved.

  • Value: 1 han

Sangen chiitoitsu / Suushi chiitoitsu

Sangen chiitoitsu 「三元七対子」 / Suushi chiitoitsu 「四喜七対子」 is a chiitoitsu hand containing all of three different pairs of sangenpai / four different pairs of kazehai correspondingly.

  • Value: 1 han (actually worths 3 han based on chiitoitsu's 2 han)
  • Examples:

Uushin tsuukan

Uushin tsuukan 「五心通貫」 is a specific ikkitsuukan hand with a kanchan wait of 5 on its straight part. That being said, a hand containing an identical suit of 123-46-789 waiting for 5.

  • Value: Usually 1 additional han based on ittsuu.
  • Example: Tile-6p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.png, Ron: Tile-0s.png [replay 5]

Two-han yakus

Sanrenkou

Sanrenkou 「三連刻」 (lit. Three consecutive triplets) is a hand with three triplets in identical suit where their number is increased by 1.

  • Value: 2 han
  • Example: Tile-3p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-0p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.png Tile-7z.pngTile-7z-e.pngTile-7z.png, Agari: Tile-5p.png

A variation exists if the triplets are in different suits: Sanshoku renkou 「三色連刻」 (lit. Three-color consecutive triplets).

  • Value: 2 han
  • Example: Tile-5m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-3p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-4s.png

Sanshoku tsuukan

Sanshoku tsuukan 「三色通貫」 (lit. Three-color straight) is a hand containing shuntsus of 123, 456 and 789 both in different suits. Also called Sanshoku ittsuu 「三色一通」, or Hon ikkitsuukan 「混一気通貫」 (lit. Mixed straight).

  • Value: 2 han (1 han when opened)
  • Example: Tile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-1p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.png, Ron: Tile-9m.png [replay 6]

When their suits are identical, it becomes the standard yaku ikkitsuukan.

A derived variation exists if it's a tanki wait with sanshoku-tsuukan's mentsus already included: Tanron 「単竜」.

  • Value: Unknown (Closed-hand only. Supercedes shanshoku tsuukan.)
  • Example: Tile-4m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-1p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.png, Agari: Tile-1s.png

Kyandonhou

Kyandonhou 「鏡同和」 (Twice mixed double sequences, lit. Mirrored identities) is a hand containing two groups of identical shuntsus where their suits are different.

More specifically, the hand is built by: a sequence X in suit A, the sequence X in another suit B, another sequence Y in suit A, and the sequence Y in suit B. No restriction on the pair in general.

  • Value: 2 han (closed-hand only, or allowing opened-hand with 1 han)
  • Example: Tile-5m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.png

When their suits are identical, it becomes the standard ryanpeikou hand.

Ryandoukou

Ryandoukou 「二同刻、両同刻」 (Twice double triplets) is a hand containing two groups of identical triplets (or quads) in two suits. Sometimes also known as Daburu deito 「ダブルデート」 (lit. Double-date) or Abekku toitoi 「アベック対々」 (lit. Avec-triplets).

  • Value: 2 han (actually 4 han based on toitoihou's 2 han)
  • Example: Tile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png Tile-7s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-7s-e.png
  • Trivia:

Shoutate

Shoutate 「小タテ」 (Little 3-color triplets) is a hand containing two triplets and a pair with a same number in three different suits.

  • Value: 2 han
  • Examples:
  • Trivia:
    • This local yaku is mainly used in Hokkaido region.
    • This yaku works like a shousangen version of sanshoku doukou. Usually when shoutate is adopted, sanshoku doukou will be upgraded to a 3-han yaku.

Choupaikou / Sujipaikou / Chousankou

Choupaikou 「跳牌刻」 / Sujipaikou 「筋牌刻」 / Chousankou 「頂三刻」 is a hand containing three triplets in identical suit, where the numbers are stepped by 2, 3 or 4 correspondingly.

  • Value: Both are 2 han in general
  • Examples:
    • Tile-4m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-5z.pngTile-5z.png Tile-8m-e.pngTile-8m.pngTile-8m.png Tile-6m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-6m-e.png Tile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z-e.png, Ron: Tile-4m.png (Choupaikou) [replay 8]
    • Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z.png Tile-5p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-5p-e.png (Sujipaikou)
    • Tile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.png Tile-5p-e.pngTile-6p.pngTile-7p.png Tile-9s.pngTile-9s-e.pngTile-9s.png (Chousankou)

A variation exists if those triplets are in three different suits: Sanshoku choupaikou 「三色跳牌刻」 / Sanshoku sujipaikou 「三色筋牌刻」 / Sanshoku chousankou 「三色頂三刻」.

  • Value: 1 or 2 han
  • Example: Tile-0m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-7p.pngTile-7p.png Tile-5s.pngTile-5s-e.pngTile-5s.png Tile-1p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-1p-e.png, Ron: Tile-7p.png
      (Sanshoku choupaikou & Sanshoku chousankou) [replay 9]

Suuzuukou

Suuzuukou 「四字刻」 (lit. Four honor triplets) is a hand containing four triplets (or quads) of honor tiles.

Two-han and above

Open riichi

Open riichi 「オープンリーチ、開立直」 is a riichi hand while the full hand is revealed to their opponents after declaration.

  • Value: 2 han (supersedes the normal riichi)

A variation exist if the declaration is daburu riichi: Open double riichi 「オープンダブルリーチ、開両立直」.

  • Value: 3 han (supersedes the normal daburu riichi)

Generally speaking, yakuman penalty is applied in some ruleset if a non-riichi player deals into an open-riichi hand deliberately.

Isshoku sanjun

Isshoku sanjun / Iisou sanshun 「一色三順」 (lit. Pure triple sequences) is a hand built with three identical shuntsus, in both numbers and suit.

  • Value:
    • 2 or 3 han
    • Closed only, or allowing opened-hand with 1-han decreased
    • Supercedes iipeikou
  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z.png, Agari: Tile-3m.png

Sanpuukou / Otakaze sankou

Sanpuukou 「三風刻」 (lit. Three wind triplets) is a hand with three triplets of kazehais.

A variation exists if all the three wind triplets are otakazes: Otakaze sankou 「客風三刻」 (lit. Three guest-wind triplets). It is only avaiable for the player with their seat wind identical to the current prevalent wind, e.g. East player in East round, or South player in South round, and so on.

  • Value: 2 or 3 han
  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-1m.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png Tile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z-e.png Tile-2s-e.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.png (East round, East seat)

Uumensai

Uumensai / Uumenchi 「五門斉」 (lit. Five suits collected) is a yaku of containing all of 5 different suits in a hand: manzu, souzu, pinzu, kazehai and sangenpai.

  • Value: 2 han; or 5 han / yakuman with more restrictions.
  • Example: Tile-9s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.png Tile-4z.pngTile-4z-e.pngTile-4z.png Tile-2m.pngTile-2m-e.pngTile-2m.png Tile-6p-e.pngTile-4p.pngTile-5p.png, Tsumo: Tile-9s.png [replay 12]

Depending on platforms and rule details, Uumensai may have different values. Generally speaking, 2-han version is the easiest one, while extra restriction is applied if the value is higher, such as:

  • May limited in closed-hand only.
  • May not allowed in chiitoitsu-form.
  • Restricted choices on the pair and sets, e.g. Jihai-pair only / Toitoi-form only, etc.
  • Cannot be stacked with kokushi musou if valued a yakuman.

Renkaihou

Renkaihou 「連開花」 (lit. Consecutive blossom) is a yaku achieved by winning a hand with rinshan tile after two consecutive kans.

  • Value: 2 han (supercedes rinshan kaihou)
  • Example:
    • Tile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.png Tile-1s.pngTile-1s-e.pngTile-1s.png Tile-7z.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z-e.png
        ↓ Declare daiminkan on kamicha's discard 7-man;
    • Tile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.png, Rinshan Tile-1s.png, Tile-7m-e.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.png Tile-1s.pngTile-1s-e.pngTile-1s.png Tile-7z.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z-e.png
        ↓ Declare kakan on rinshanpai 1-sou;
    • Tile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.png, Rinshan Tile-2s.png, Tile-7m-e.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.png Tile-1s.pngTile-1s-k.pngTile-1s.png Tile-7z.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z-e.png
        → Declare Tsumo on rinshanpai 2-sou. [replay 13]

Uncommonly found in the rulesets, some variation allows to apply a higher han if more consecutive kans are happened.

Mondeikou

Mondeikou 「門泥公」 is a yaku used in 4-akadora mahjong rules. When a hand contains all four akadoras, Mondeikou is applied.

  • Value:
    • 2 han (may decrease to 1 han when opened); or
    • Minus 4 han, which cancels out akadora's 4 han.
  • Example: Tile-4m.pngTile-0m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-0p.pngTile-0p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-0s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-5z.pngTile-5z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.png

Three-han and above

Ikkitsuukan chantaiyaochuu

Ikkitsuukan chantaiyaochuu 「一気通貫全帯么九」 (Pure straight with mixed outside-hand), as its literal meaning, is a mixture hand of ikkitsuukan and chantaiyaochuu. More specifically, aside from the shuntsu of 456 in ittsuu part, the rest of hand should satisfy the condition of chanta. Also called Ittsuu chanta 「イッツーチャンタ」 in short.

  • Value: 3 han (2 han when opened, supercedes ittsuu)
  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.png

Similarly, if the rest of hand meets the condition of junchan, the hand will be upgraded to Jun ikkitsuukan chantaiyaochuu 「純一気通貫全帯么九」 (Pure straight with pure outside-hand).

  • Value: 4 han (3 han when opened, supercedes ittsuu)
  • Example: Tile-1p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.png

Under the general ruleset, such two hands are only valued as ittsuu. As how ittsuu and chanta are defined, they're mutually exclusive and there's no chance to score them together.

Tanfonhou

Tanfonhou 「断紅和」 is a hand built by tiles without red. That being said, only the following tiles are available:

Pinzu of 2 / 4 / 8,
Souzu of 2 / 3 / 4 / 6 / 8,
All kazehai tiles, and
Sangenpai of haku / hatsu.

Such hand is available in chiitoitsu form.

  • Value: 3 han (2 han when opened)
  • Example: Tile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.png Tile-5z-e.pngTile-5z.pngTile-5z.png

In some ruleset, Tanfonhou is split into two variants: the Hontanfon 「混断紅」 containing honor tiles, while the Chintanfon 「清断紅」 only built by numbered tiles.

  • Value:
    • Hontanfon: 3 han (2 han when opened)
    • Chintanfon: 6 han (5 han when opened)
  • Example: Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.png (Chintanfon)

Chinpeikou

Chinpeikou 「清盃口」 is a ryanpeikou hand with both two groups of shuntsus sharing the same numbers. Also called Ryanpeikou doujun 「二盃口同順」.

  • Value: 3 han (actually 6 han based on ryanpeikou's 3 han)
  • Example: Tile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.png, Ron: Tile-2m.png [replay 14]
  • Trivia:
    • The kanji prefix "chin" 「清」 in mahjong is generally used to indicate a yaku variant which is built without containing honor tiles. However there's no such meaning in this yaku, this hand can be actually built with jihai.

Mangan for actions taking on specific tiles

The following listed yakus are achieved by taking actions on some particular tiles. Generally speaking, these yakus are inspired by some idioms, verses, or simply the tile patterns.

There're two common scoring mechanics on them:

  1. Directly scored as a mangan, unless the hand can be scored higher in another way.
  2. Additional 1-han based on the specific operations, which on essence values 2-han in total.

Sometimes both two scoring methods are applied simultaneously, the actual value will be always picked as the highest one.

Kinkei dokuritsu

Kinkei dokuritsu / Chinchi dourii 「金鶏独立」 (lit. A golden rooster standing alone) is a four-melded hand waiting for 1-sou's hadaka tanki. Ankans are admitted. Also called Chinchiihou 「金鶏和」.

The pattern of 1-sou indicates the golden rooster, while the waiting pattern of hadaka-tanki refers to aloneness.

Touchao hanchanshue

Touchao hanchanshue 「独釣寒江雪」 is a four-melded hand waiting for hadaka tanki of sangenpai haku. Ankans are admitted.

The pattern of haku indicates the snow, while the waiting pattern of hadaka-tanki refers to aloneness.

  • Value: Mangan, or additional 1 han based on shiiaru raotai's 1-han.
  • Example: Tile-5z.png Tile-1p-e.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.png Tile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p-e.png Tile-8s-e.pngTile-7s.pngTile-9s.png Tile-5m.pngTile-5m-e.pngTile-5m.png, Agari: Tile-5z.png
  • Trivia:
    • The name of yaku is a verse from the famous poem of Liu Zongyuan (柳宗元): River Snow 「江雪」. The verse literally means "Fishing alone in the cold river snow".

Uupin kaihou

Uupin kaihou / Uuton kaihou 「五筒開花」 is a specific rinshan kaihou hand with the pinzu of 5 as rinshanpai.

The pattern of 5-pin indicates the blossom.

  • Value: Mangan, or additional 1 han based on rinshan's 1-han.
  • Example: Tile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-0p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.png, Kan: Tile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z-e.png, Rinshan tsumo: Tile-5p.png

Ryanzou chankan

Ryanzou chankan 「二索槍槓」 is a special chankan hand winning with souzu of 2.

The pattern of 2-sou indicates the spear.

  • Value: Mangan, or additional 1 han based on chankan's 1-han.
  • Examples:

Iipin mouyue

Iipin mouyue / Iiton mouyue 「一筒摸月」 is a special haitei raoyue hand with the pinzu of 1 as haiteihai. Also written as Iipin raoyue 「一筒撈月」.

The pattern of 1-pin indicates the moon.

  • Value: Mangan, or additional 1 han based on haitei's 1-han.
  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.png, Haitei tsumo: Tile-1p.png [replay 18]

Chuupin raoyui

Chuupin raoyui 「九筒撈魚」 is a special houtei raoyui hand with the pinzu of 9 as houteihai.

The pattern of 9-pin indicates a school of fish.

  • Value: Mangan, or additional 1 han based on houtei's 1-han.
  • Example: Tile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.png, Houtei ron: Tile-9p.png

Mangan or above

Shanron chonchu

Shanron chonchu 「双竜争珠」 is a special kyandonhou hand with more restrictions:

The two groups of shuntsus are limited in manzu and souzu;
The head pair is restricted to pinzu;
The number of shuntsus cannot be overlapped, e.g. 234 + 456 is invalid.

As how the yaku name indicates, the pinzu pair is the ball, while two shuntsu groups are the two dragons battling for the ball.

  • Value: Mangan in general
  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-7s.png

Uncommonly found in some platform, this yaku values yakuman with restrictions of consecutive shuntsus and 5-pin as the pair.

  • Value: Yakuman (may limited to closed-hand only)
  • Example: Tile-4m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-5p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-4s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.png

Chiishin uushii

Chiishin uushii 「七星無靠」 (lit. Seven-star unconnected) is a hand by collecting fourteen different tiles listed as follows:

Seven different tiles from 147 / 258 / 369 both in different suits;
All of seven different honor tiles (indicating the seven stars).

Unlike shiisan / shiisuu puutaa, this yaku is not restricted to starting-hand only.

  • Value: Mangan or yakuman
  • Examples:
    • Tile-1m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-3p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-5s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-1z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-7z.png, Wait: Tile-5z.png
    • Tile-2m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-1p.pngTile-3s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-1z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-5z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-7z.png, Wait: Tile-5m.pngTile-4p.pngTile-7p.png

Renhou

Renhou 「人和」 (Humanly hand, Hand of man, Blessing of human) is a yaku achieved by a non-dealer player winning on a discard without self-drawing any tile.

Similar to tenhou and chiihou, any calling actions will nullify the yaku.

  • Value: Mangan / Baiman / Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-4m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-4p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.png, Ron: Tile-3m.png (Turn 0). [replay 19]

Maneman

Maneman 「真似満」 is a yaku achieved by mimicking opponent's discards. Also called Maneshi mangan 「真似満貫」.

Generally speaking, if a player has their discards identical to some opponent in the first row (usually from 1st to 5th / 6th turn), maneman is applied and the opponent will lose a mangan to that player.

Similar to nagashi mangan, the condition breaks if anybody melded some tiles required by the yaku, though it doesn't hurt if the melded tile is not related to the repeated part.

  • Value: Mangan

Some variations may exist under different rulesets:

  • Can only imitate the discards from a dealer, meaning only non-dealers can achieve this yaku.
  • Value can be increased if more tiles are mimicked, e.g. 7th turn haneman, 9th turn baiman, and so on.

Yakuman

Paarenchan

Paarenchan 「八連荘」 (lit. Eight consecutive dealership) is a special winning state related to renchan. Roughly speaking, if a player successfully keeps his dealership for eight countinous rounds, or simply wins eight hands continuously, the hand he won at the last time will be automatically scored as a yakuman, as long as it is a valid winning hand, no matter how small is its actual value.

More specifically, there're three main variants to determine a paarenchan:

Definition 1: Winning eight hands consecutively, no matter if the player is the dealer at that round.
Definition 2: Winning eight hands continuously exactly in his own dealership (as how the yaku name strictly indicated).
Definition 3: Successfully accumulates eight honba points on his own. Usually a hand must be won at the last honba, while it doesn't matter for the previous ones.

Usually an optional restriction of ryanhan-shibari will be applied to the dealer after the fifth round. That being said, the dealer can only claim a winning hand with at least 2 han from yakus, otherwise the progress will halt.

  • Value: Yakuman

The following charts show their differences on tracking a valid state of paarenchan:

Round Honba
counter
Player's
wind
Paarenchan counter
Def. 1
East 1 R. 0 honba North 1 Agari
East 2 R. West 2
East 3 R. South 3
East 4 R. East
(dealer)
4
1 honba 5
2 honba 6
3 honba 7
4 honba 8
Round Honba
counter
Player's
wind
Paarenchan counter
Def. 2 Def. 3
East 1 R. 0 honba North Ryuukyoku
East 2 R. 1 honba West
East 3 R. 2 honba South
East 4 R. 3 honba East
(dealer)
- Tenpai 1 Agari
4 honba 1 Agari 2
5 honba 2 3 Tenpai
6 honba 3 4 Agari
7 honba 4 5
8 honba 5 6 Tenpai
9 honba 6 7
10 honba 7 8 Agari
11 honba 8 -

Depending on ruleset, the dealership may automatically rotate after paarenchan, or allowing to continue the next loop of paarenchan progress.

Pouhoi paarenchan

With the rule of paarenchan applied, if a non-dealer breaks opponent's dealership successfully at the round the dealer can achieve paarenchan, Pouhoi paarenchan 「破回八連荘」 (lit. Destroyed eighth-dealership) is achieved. The non-dealer winner will automatically scored a yakuman, no matter how much his hand actually values.

  • Value: Yakuman

Unlike paarenchan, the ryanhan-shibari restriction is not applied to the non-dealers.

In some ruleset, the winning condition is limited to either tsumo, or ron from the dealer.

Ishino uenimo sannen

Ishino uenimo sannen 「石の上にも三年」 (lit. Three years on a rock) is a yaku achieved by winning a double-riichi hand with haitei raoyue / houtei raoyui.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example:
  • Trivia:
    • The name of yaku is an idiom about patience. It comes from the aphorism 「石の上にじっと3年も座っていれば、石も暖まる」, meaning "even a cold stone can be warmed if someone sits on it for three years", indicating the perseverance leads to a success.

Toukanhou

Toukanhou 「頭槓和」 (lit. First-kan win) is a yaku achieved by claiming a kan in the first turn and win with rinshan kaihou immediately.

Similarly to tenhou and chiihou, the yaku will be nullified with any preceding calling actions from the opponents.

Due to the required action of kan, this yaku is not available to combine with tenhou and chiihou.

Depending on rulesets, the type of kan may be limited to ankan-only, or can only be achieved by the dealer.

  • Value: Yakuman

Shiisanpuutaa / Shiisuupuutaa

Shiisanpuutaa / Shiisanputou 「十三不塔」 (lit. Thirteen unconnected) is a special starting hand with none of the two tiles (in thirteen different tiles) can be formed as a taatsu, aside from exactly one pair.

Likewise, if all the fourteen different tiles are mutually exclusive, this starting hand becomes Shiisanuushi 「十三無靠」. Sometimes also noted as Shiisuupuutaa / Shiisuuputou 「十四不塔」 (lit. Fourteen unconnected).

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-1s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-2p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-1m.pngTile-4m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-1z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-5z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-7z.png Tile-3z.png

Similar to tenhou and chiihou, these yakus are only recognized in the first turn of each player, and any calling actions will nullify the yaku.

Suurenkou

Suurenkou 「四連刻」 (lit. Four consecutive triplets) is a hand containing four triplets (or quads) in one suit where their numbers are increased by 1.

The following hand is also called Junsei suurenkou 「純正四連刻」 (lit. Pure four consecutive triplets): shanpon-machi with either waits ensures a suurenkou.

  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-1m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-5m.png Tile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-2m-e.png Tile-3m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-3m-e.png Tile-4m.pngTile-4m-e.pngTile-4m.png, Agari: Tile-1m.png / Tile-5m.png

The rule of sekinin barai can be applied in this yakuman hand.

Tile-4z.png, last:Tile-4s.pngTile-4s-e.pngTile-4s.png, formers: Tile-6s-e.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.png Tile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s-e.png Tile-7s.pngTile-7s-e.pngTile-7s.pngTile-7s.png
Toimen becomes liable for feeding the last required set: souzu of 4.

Suuchoupaikou

Suuchoupaikou 「四跳牌刻」 is a hand with four triplets (or quads) in one suit where their numbers are increased by 2.

This yaku is a less common variant of suurenkou.

  • Value: Usually yakuman
  • Example: Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-1m.pngTile-1m.png Tile-6p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-6p-e.png Tile-4p-e.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.png

The rule of sekinin barai can be applied in this yakuman hand.

Tile-9m.png, last:Tile-3s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-3s-e.png, formers: Tile-unknown.pngTile-9s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-unknown.png Tile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s-e.png Tile-7s.pngTile-7s-e.pngTile-7s.png
Shimocha becomes liable for feeding the last required set: souzu of 3.

Daisharin / Daichikurin / Daisuurin

Daisharin 「大車輪」 (Big wheels) is a closed hand with a pattern of 22334455667788 in pinzu. Likewise, Daichikurin 「大竹林」 (Bamboo forest) and Daisuurin 「大数隣」 (Numerous numbers) is achieved by using the same pattern in souzu and manzu respectively.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Examples:
  • Trivia:
    • When this yaku is not recognized, such hand scores at least a sanbaiman (11 han), with tanyao's 1 han + pinfu's 1 han + ryanpeikou's 3 han + chinitsu's 6 han.
    • The concrete definition of daisharin may vary in each platform. Some is defined as ryanpeikou, while some is defined by chiitoitsu. These definitions in fact generate an identical pattern of a concealed hand, and it doesn't hurt under the general ruleset of japanese mahjong. However this will influence the available stacking yakus under aotenjou rules, which finally brings a different sum-up result.

Shousharin / Shouchikurin / Shousuurin

Shousharin 「小車輪」 is a concealed hand with seven consecutive pinzu pairs from 1 to 7, or from 3 to 9. Similarly, Shouchikurin 「小竹林」 and Shousuurin 「小数隣」 are the variants of souzu and manzu correspondingly.

  • Value: Usually yakuman, sometimes sanbaiman or even lower
  • Examples:
  • Trivia:
    • When the yaku is not recognized, such hand values at least a baiman (9 han), with chinitsu's 6 han + ryanpeikou's 3 han. Unlike daisharin, pinfu is not always guaranteed.
    • The usage of yaku is not as common as daisharin. Usually this yaku is defined accompanying with daisharin as a weaker version.

Isshoku yonjun

Isshoku yonjun / Iisou suushun 「一色四順」 (lit. Pure quadruple sequences) is a hand containing four identical shuntsus in a same suit. Also knowned as Suuren taihou 「四連太宝」.

The winning condition may vary between closed-hand only, or opened-hand allowed. Though even with an openable choice, this hand is still pretty rare, and really hard to accomplish. The difficulty comes from the process of collecting those twelve tiles with continuous numbers in one suit, while only the kamicha can help to feed the tiles. This is also why this yaku generally doesn't apply the kuisagari rule to downgrade the value of an opened hand, which is usually widely applied for shuntsu-based yakus.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-1m.pngTile-1m.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-4s.png Tile-2s-e.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.png Tile-4s-e.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.png

The rule of sekinin barai can be applied in this yakuman hand. Due to the limitation on claiming chii, only kamicha can be the target of responsibility.

Tile-5m.png, last: Tile-9p-e.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.png, formers: Tile-7p-e.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.png Tile-8p-e.pngTile-7p.pngTile-9p.png Tile-8p-e.pngTile-7p.pngTile-9p.png
Kamicha becomes liable for feeding the last required set.

Hyakuman goku

Hyakuman goku 「百万石」 (lit. Million piculs) is a chinitsu hand of manzu where all of their numbers can be summed up to over a hundred. As how the yaku name indicated, a million is achieved by multiplying 100 by ten thousands, the unit of manzu.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Examples:
    • Tile-2m.pngTile-3m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.png Tile-unknown.pngTile-8m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-unknown.png Tile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m-e.png, Agari: Tile-1m.png (106) / Tile-4m.png (109)
    • Tile-2m.pngTile-2m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.png Tile-7m-e.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.png Tile-8m.pngTile-8m-k.pngTile-8m.png, Agari: Tile-9m.png (102), Yasume: Tile-2m.png (95)
    • Tile-5m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-5m.pngTile-6m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.png Tile-7m.pngTile-7m-e.pngTile-7m.png Tile-8m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-8m-e.png (100 exactly)
    • Tile-5m.pngTile-5m.png Tile-6m-k.pngTile-6m.pngTile-6m.png Tile-7m-e.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.pngTile-7m.png Tile-8m.pngTile-8m.pngTile-8m-k.png Tile-unknown.pngTile-9m.pngTile-9m.pngTile-unknown.png (130 maximum)
  • Some variation may exists as follows:
    • Only scores the exactly 100 cases as a yakuman.
    • Scores the exactly 100 cases as a double yakuman. Such hand is also called Kaga hyakuman goku 「加賀百万石」 / Junsei hyakuman goku 「純正百万石」 (lit. Pure million piculs).
    • May allow summing up a hand for honitsu.
  • Trivia:
    • A picul (石, or 担) is an ancient unit of weight in Asia. The actual weight may be a bit off, but roughly it's defined by "as much as a man can carry on a shoulder-pole", at around 50 to 60 kilograms.

Yakumans related to specific tiles

Kachoufuugetsu / Fuukasetsugetsu

Kachoufuugetsu 「花鳥風月」 is a hand built by four types of each triplets (or quads):

Hana 「花」 (Flower): Pinzu of 5
Tori 「鳥」 (Bird): Souzu of 1
Kaze 「風」 (Wind): Bakaze or jikaze
Tsuki 「月」 (Moon): Pinzu of 1

Likewise, Fuukasetsugetsu 「風花雪月」 is built by triplets (or quads) of Kaze (風), Hana (花), Tsuki (月) and:

Yuki 「雪」 (Snow): Sangenpai haku

No further restriction on picking the pair.

  • Value: Both are yakuman
  • Example:
  • Trivia:
    • Both Kachoufuugetsu (花鳥風月) and Fuukasetsugetsu (風花雪月) are idioms for describing a beautiful night landscape.

Yakumans related to tile color

Kouitten

Kouitten 「紅一点」 (lit. A little red) is a hand similar to ryuuiisou by replacing the sangenpai hatsu to the red one: sangenpai chun. Also called Ittenkou 「一点紅」.

The sangenpai chun is required to complete the hand, similarly to the early restriction on ryuuiisou.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z.png Tile-6s-e.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.png
  • Trivia:
    • The yaku name originates from the verse 「萬緑叢中紅一點」, lit. A little red in the greenery.

Benikujaku

Benikujaku 「紅孔雀」 (lit. Red peacock) is a hand only built by the red souzu tiles (souzu of 1, 5, 7 and 9) and sangenpai chun.

This yaku is harder than ryuuiisou and chinroutou, as it only contains five kinds of available tiles, and they can't perform any shuntsu.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-5s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-9s.png Tile-1s.pngTile-1s.pngTile-1s-e.png Tile-7z.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z-e.png, Agari: Tile-0s.png [replay 30]
  • Trivia:
    • This yaku is derived from ryuuiisou, as it utilizes the tiles not used by ryuuiisou. It used to have a name Kouiisou 「紅一色」 (lit. All red), but it's vague due to the fact there're many other tiles also containing red. Hence, this hand is renamed with the peacock pattern of the 1-sou.

Kokuiisou

Kokuiisou / Heiiisou 「黒一色」 (lit. All black) is a hand built only by the black tiles: the pinzu of 2 / 4 / 6 and four kinds of kazehai.

The hand is available in either toitoi or chiitoi form.

  • Value: Yakuman (or sanbaiman in some rules)
  • Examples:
    • Tile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.png Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-2p-e.png
    • Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png

Ryuuiisourin / Kouittenrin

Ryuuiisourin 「緑一色輪」 is a hand similar to ryuuiisou by replacing the pair with the souzu of 5. Likewise, we get Kouittenrin 「紅一点輪」 by replacing the pair based on a kouitten hand.

Such hands are available in chiitoitsu form, as they both contain seven kinds of available tiles to build a hand.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example:
    • Tile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.pngTile-6z.png (Ryuuiisourin)
    • Tile-2s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-7z.pngTile-7z.png (Kouittenrin)

Yakumans related to specific things

Golden Gate Bridge

Golden Gate Bridge 「ゴールデンゲートブリッジ、金門橋」 is a hand containing all four shuntsus of 123, 345, 567 and 789 in one suit.

The yaku name is inspired from the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. The "pair"s of 33 / 55 / 77 indicates the piers of bridge, while the whole group of sequences with tiles from 1 to 9 indicates the bridge deck.

Depending on rulesets, different restrictions may be applied, such as:

  • Closed-hand only
  • Restricted in chinitsu-form only
  • Head pair must be 5 in the same suit, which makes the hand even harder (may sometimes valued double yakuman in this case)
    • The stack of four 5-tiles indicates the structure of largest pier in the middle.

American Civil War

Nanboku sensou 「南北戦争」 (American Civil War) is a hand built with two triplets of South and North, a set of "1861" in identical suit, and a set of "1865" in another suit.

  • Restriction:
    • Menzenchin only.
    • The triplet of South / North is usually not allowed to meld or claim as ankan.
    • The two groups of years are usually not allowed in a same suit.
  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-1p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-1s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png
  • Trivia:
    • The yaku originates from American Civil War. Two sets of numbers indicate its starting year 1861 and the ending year 1865, while two sets of honors indicate the two belligerents: southern United States and northern United States.
    • The yaku comes from American mahjong, which generally doesn't follow the pattern of traditional mahjong (multiple sets and a pair).

Tohoku Expressway

Touhoku jidoushadou 「東北自動車道」 (Tohoku Expressway) is a hand only using pinzu of 2 / 4 / 6 and kazehai of East / North.

The pinzu of 2 / 4 / 6 represents two-wheelers (二輪車), ordinary cars (普通車), and large cars (大型車) correspondingly.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png
  • Trivia:
    • This yaku is used in manga series Shounenjanki Higashi (少年雀鬼-東-).
    • The yaku comes into being in 1987, the year when the route of Tohoku Expressway between Kawaguchi JCT and Urawa IC is accomplished and fully opened.

Tohoku Shinkansen

Touhoku Shinkansen 「東北新幹線」 (Tohoku Shinkansen) is a hand built with kazehai East and North as the pair and a triplet, and an ikkitsuukan hand as the rest.

  • Value: Yakuman (usually closed-hand only)
  • Example: Tile-1s.pngTile-2s.pngTile-3s.pngTile-4s.pngTile-5s.pngTile-6s.pngTile-7s.pngTile-8s.pngTile-9s.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png
  • Trivia:
    • This yaku is considered to be designed in 1980s, when the rail line of Tohoku Shinkansen is completed and opened.
    • In some early version, the ittsuu part is limited into souzu-only / pinzu-only, indicating the two-tone coloring style (green and white) used in early high-speed trains of 200 Series Shinkansen, or the wheels of the train, correspondingly.
    • In some platform, this yaku is avaiable in an opened-hand with a value from mangan to baiman.

Blue Tunnel

Aonodoumon 「青ノ洞門」 (Ao no Domon, lit. Blue Tunnel) is a toitoi hand built with pinzu of 2 / 4 / 8, sangenpai hatsu, and one kind of arbitrary kazehai.

  • Value: Yakuman
  • Example: Tile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-8p.png Tile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z-e.png Tile-6z.pngTile-6z-e.pngTile-6z.png
  • Trivia:
    • Ao no Domon is a tourist attraction in Yabakei gorge, now part of Nakatsu City, Oita Prefecture, in Japan.
    • This hand is invented by a Japanese author Kan Kikuchi, who recorded the stories about Ao no Domon in his book Onshuu no Kanata ni 恩讐の彼方に. He is also an avid player on mahjong.

Multiple yakuman

Chousangen

Chousangen 「超三元」 (lit. Super 3 dragons) is a hand containing all three quads of sangenpais.

When chousangen is not recognized, such hand values single yakuman as daisangen.

Daichisei

Daichisei 「大七星」 (lit. Big seven stars) is a chiitoitsu hand containing all the seven kinds of honor tiles. Also called Jihai chiitoitsu 「字牌七対子」 (lit. Seven pairs of honors).

When daichisei is not recognized, the hand values single yakuman as tsuuiisou.

Junsei ryuuiisou

Junsei ryuuiisou 「純正緑一色」 (lit. Pure all green) is an all-green hand built only with the souzu tile of 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8, which excludes hatsu.

When junsei ryuuiisou is not recognized, the hand may value:

Chousuushi

Chousuushi 「超四喜」 (lit. Super 4 winds) is a hand containing all four quads of kazehais.

  • Value: Triple or quadruple yakuman
  • Example: Tile-6s.pngTile-6s.png Tile-unknown.pngTile-1z.pngTile-1z.pngTile-unknown.png Tile-2z-k.pngTile-2z.pngTile-2z.png Tile-4z.pngTile-4z-e.pngTile-4z.pngTile-4z.png Tile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z.pngTile-3z-e.png

When chousuushi is not recognized, such hand values double or triple yakuman as daisuushi suukantsu.

References

Replays

  1. Tsubame gaeshi (East 1 Round 1 honba, South seat)
  2. Shiiaru raotai (East 2 Round 1 honba, West seat)
  3. Sangen chiitoitsu (East 1 Round, East seat)
  4. Suushi chiitoitsu (East 1 Round, East seat)
  5. Uushin tsuukan (South 2 Round, East seat)
  6. Sanshoku tsuukan (South 4 Round, East seat)
  7. Shoutate (East 4 Round, East seat)
  8. Choupaikou (East 2 Round, South seat)
  9. Sanshoku choupaikou & Sanshoku chousankou (South 4 Round 1 honba, North seat)
  10. Suuzuukou (South 4 Round, North seat)
  11. Sanpuukou (South 3 Round 1 honba, East seat)
  12. Uumensai (East 4 Round, South seat)
  13. Renkaihou (East 2 Round 1 honba, East seat)
  14. Chinpeikou (South 4 Round, East seat)
  15. Kinkei dokuritsu tenpai (Youtube)
  16. Ryanzou chankan (manga Saki, ch.35)
  17. Ryanzou chankan (East 1 Round, North seat)
  18. Iipin mouyue (manga Saki, ch.36-37)
  19. Renhou (East 1 Round, South seat)
  20. Ishino uenimo sannen (South 4 Round 1 honba, East seat)
  21. Shiisanpuutaa (East 2 Round 2 honba, East seat)
  22. Suurenkou (South 1 Round 1 honba, East seat)
  23. Daisharin (South 4 Round, West seat)
  24. Daichikurin (East 4 Round 3 honba, South seat)
  25. Daisuurin (East 3 Round 1 honba, South seat)
  26. Shousharin (East 2 Round, East seat)
  27. Shouchikurin (South 1 Round, North seat)
  28. Kachoufuugetsu (manga Saki, ch.40)
  29. Fuukasetsugetsu (manga Saki, ch.39)
  30. Benikujaku (East 2 Round, East seat)
  31. Golden Gate Bridge (South 2 Round, South seat)
  32. Chousangen (East 2 Round, North seat)
  33. Daichisei (East 4 Round, North seat)
  34. Junsei ryuuiisou (East 3 Round 1 honba, West seat)

External links

Local yaku in Japanese Wikipedia