International Reporting Guidebook

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The International Reporting Guidebook consists of the information below on common pitfalls and errors to be avoided when reporting on international events.

Countries as equal entities

It is considered poor form to designate a country as a protectorate or territory of another country when such a link does not exist in reality.

  • e.g.: Canada is not part of the Unites States of America.

Countries as regional entities

Due to political and regional considerations, some zones may be considered countries, and others may not, depending on geopolitical circumstances out of an organizer's or reporter's control, as well as the game played in some circumstances. It is heavily suggested to develop a policy on the British "constituent countries" (England, Scotland, Wales and North Ireland; as opposed to the United Kingdom (one country for the Olympics, four for soccer). Never conflate North Ireland with the Republic of Ireland in any circumstance until and unless they somehow unite in the future) as well as a policy regarding China as "one zone, one country", "many zones, one country", or "many zones, many countries". This last option is politically explosive and should be avoided.

Confusion and mistakes when referring to countries

Due to phonetics, similar names, abbreviations and transliteration errors, there is a risk of making honest mistakes as well as glaring errors that should be avoided at all costs.

Country names

Austria vs. Australia

This is a common mistake made by many people. Therefore referencing an instance is not required.

Slovakia vs. Slovenia

This is a mistake that the WMO and MIL have both made in the past.

Sweden vs. Switzerland

This is a mistake that has happened occasionally.

Country codes

General issues

The main issue with country codes is that they are generally small and different languages have different imperatives as to shortening rules. It is common in Germany and even Europe to use single-letter codes for some countries (such as D for Germany, F for France, B for Belgium) mixed with two-letter codes that may not match with other international standards. Others may use localized codes that have meaning for locals but not internationally, not counting extra potential for mixing up things (NDL, NLD, NED for Netherlands; CDA, CDN, CND, CAN for Canada).

  • It is highly recommended to not use variable-length codes.
  • It is highly recommended to use a standard list of codes, namely ISO-3166-1. Options exist for two-letter codes, three-letter codes, and three-digit codes.
  • It is also recommended to not mix their usage in a single article. Should an editorial guideline change over time, no need to correct from two-letter to three-letter or vice-versa.

Two-letter codes

  • AU for Australia, not Austria (AT).
  • BE for Belgium, not Belarus (BY).
  • SK for Slovakia, not South Korea (KR).
  • Note that many countries have two-letter codes based off their language, and not English.
  • Using state codes should always be kept visually separate from country codes. While there is no prescribed method, CA is the ISO-3166-2 abbreviation for California and requires that US be visible nearby.

Three-letter codes

  • AUS for Australia, AUT for Austria.
  • BEL for Belgium, BLR for Belarus.
  • IND for India, INA for Indonesia.

Country code suggestions

It is recommended to pick one list from ISO-3166-1 and stick with it.

### A2 A3 Name ISO 3166-2 EMA NA IORMC Club
032 AR ARG Argentina 2:AR 1
036 AT AUS Austria 2:AT 01
040 AU AUT Australia 2:AU 1 1
056 BE BEL Belgium 2:BE 02 0
076 BR BRA Brazil 2:BR
112 BY BLR Belarus 2:BY 20 ≥0
124 CA CAN Canada 2:CA 2 1 3
156 CN CHN China 2:CN 1
158 TW TWN Taiwan, Province of China 2:TW 1
203 CZ CZE Czechia 2:CZ 22 ≥1
208 DK DNK Denmark 2:DK 03 2
246 FI FIN Finland 2:FI 14 ≥1
250 FR FRA France 2:FR 04 1 (30 total) ≥10
276 DE DEU Germany 2:DE 05 (7 total) ‽
344 HK HKG Hong Kong 2:HK 1
348 HU HUN Hungary 2:HU 06 0
360 ID IDN Indonesia 2:ID 1
380 IT ITA Italy 2:IT 07 0
392 JP JPN Japan 2:JP 1
410 KR KOR Korea, Republic of 2:KR 1 ≥2
484 MX MEX Mexico 2:MX 3 1
528 NL NLD Netherlands 2:NL 08
616 PL POL Poland 2:PL 19 1
620 PT PRT Portugal 2:PT 12 0
643 RU RUS Russian Federation 2:RU 15 1 12
702 SG SGP Singapore 2:SG 1 1
703 SK SVK Slovakia 2:SK 17 1 ≥1
704 VN VNM Viet Nam 2:VN 1
724 ES ESP Spain 2:ES 10 0
752 SE SWE Sweden 2:SE 09 1
756 CH CHE Switzerland 2:CH 16 0
804 UA UKR Ukraine 2:UA 21 ≥1
826 GB GBR United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
2:GB 11 1 ≥2
840 US USA United States of America 2:US 1 1 ≥15
Total . . . . 20 3 17
903 RE REU Réunion (4 MCR) 0 638
933 BA BIH Bosnia and Herzegovina 70
933 BG BGR Bulgaria 100
933 HR HRV Croatia 191
933 EE EST Estonia 233
933 GR GRC Greece 300
933 IS ISL Iceland 352
933 IE IRL Ireland 372
933 LV LVA Latvia 428
933 LU LUX Luxembourg 442
933 NO NOR Norway 578
933 RO ROU Romania 642
933 RS SRB Serbia 688
933 SI SVN Slovenia 705
982 YT MYT Mayotte 175
985 GP GLP Guadeloupe 312
986 PF PYF French Polynesia 258
986 WF WLF Wallis and Futuna 876
988 MO MAC Macao 446
989 TF ATF French Southern Territories 260
990 TR TUR Turkey 792

Note: Number of clubs does not count non-riichi initiatives.